[6] Robbery by means of force against the victim, when resulting in death, carries the death penalty as hadd against participants in the robbery. 11, 2010. [31] Pakistan Control of Narcotic Substances Act, sec. 1, 1898. for Human Rights, Slow March to the Gallows: Death Penalty in Pakistan, p. 53, http://www.fidh.org/IMG/pdf/Pakistan464angconjointpdm.pdf, Mar. Capital punishment is legal in Pakistan. Mr. Kamran Arif Annual reports beginning in 2004 and yearly statistical breakdowns by the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (an NGO) are available at http://www.hrcp-web.org/default.asp. [8]. ... WikiProject Pakistan (Rated C-class, Low-importance) This article is within the scope of WikiProject Pakistan, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of Pakistan on Wikipedia. [9] In some cells, inmates must take turns sleeping for want of space to lie down. REV-1, Nov. 8, 2010. REV-1, Nov. 8, 2010. Defiling Mohammed’s name through written or spoken word, visual representation or other means carries a religiously stipulated death penalty. for Human Rights, Slow March to the Gallows: Death Penalty in Pakistan, p. 27-30, http://www.fidh.org/IMG/pdf/Pakistan464angconjointpdm.pdf, Mar. [3] Reports indicate that the Supreme Court and Federal Shari’at Court have applied Islamic law to limit death-eligible defendants’ rights and protections under the Constitution. [34] Jane Perlez, Asia Bibi Seeks Pardon in Blasphemy Case, The New York Times, http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/23/world/asia/23pstan.html, Nov. 22, 2010. [21], The Constitution of Pakistan empowers the President to pardon or remit convictions. for Human Rights, Slow March to the Gallows: Death Penalty in Pakistan, p. 56, http://www.fidh.org/IMG/pdf/Pakistan464angconjointpdm.pdf, Mar. 65, Oct. 6, 1860. 14, 2008. [1] Pakistan had ratified the treaty in May 2010 with reservations to articles that affect the rights of those facing capital charges. Talk:Capital punishment in Pakistan. Human Rights Council, Compilation Prepared by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, in accordance with paragraph 15(B) of the Annex to Human Rights Council Resolution 5/1, para. The Global voice of the Legal Profession “The Death Penalty Under International Law: A Background Paper to the IBAHRI Resolution on the Abolition of the Death penalty”, at p 9. massacre of 132 students and 9 members of staff of the Army Public School and Degree College Peshawar, United Nations Declaration of Human Rights, United Nations Economic and Social Council, http://www.deathpenaltyworldwide.org/country-search-post.cfm?country=Pakistan, "Part 1 "Fundamental Rights and Principles of Policy", Articles 9, 10, 11 and 12. [54] Intl. Updated 08 Oct, 2019 02:14pm. 15, 2007. Human Rights Coucil, Written statement submitted by the Asian Legal Resource Centre (ALRC), a non-governmental organization in general consultative status, p. 2-3, U.N. Doc. [14] Human Rights Commission of Pakistan, State of Human Rights in 2009, p. 61, 128, http://www.hrcp-web.org/pdf/Annual%20Report%202009.pdf, Feb. 2010. E/CN.4/1997/7/Add.2, Oct. 15, 1996 (describing the practice of shackling and defining it as torture). [45] Pakistan Public Defender and Legal Aid Office Ordinance, Act No. 1, 1898. Approximately 5,000. [20] U.N. CRC, Concluding Observations, para. [11], The government does not typically provide official figures. Although there have been numerous amendments to the Constitution, there is yet to be a provision prohibiting the death penalty as a punitive remedy. 8, 2007. Other potential means of legal research, including law reporters such as Pakistan from which hard copies may be available for order, are listed at http://www.nyulawglobal.com/globalex/Pakistan.htm#_Legal_Research. The President has full constitutional power to pardon, commute or stay a sentence of any tribunal or authority. 295, Act No. [42] An experienced Pakistani defense attorney and member of the Human Rights Commission has commented that lawyers typically do no investigation prior to trial, are not involved during the prosecution’s pre-trial investigation, may be restricted from calling defense witnesses due to the requirement that any defense witness have a statement immediately recorded with investigators (despite the fact that defense attorneys are typically not involved during investigation), and psychological examinations are often not introduced during sentencing. 21, 2010. ), In 2006, Pakistan executed a juvenile offender despite Pakistan’s legal prohibition against such executions. Thus, does He command you, so that you may learn wisdom” [10] [11] [12] This scripture of the Qur'an, while it grants the right to life, also permits individuals' lives be taken only "by way of justice and law. [50] U.S. Dept. of State, 2009 Human Rights Report: Pakistan, Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2009/sca/136092.htm, Mar. for Human Rights, Slow March to the Gallows: Death Penalty in Pakistan, p. 23, http://www.fidh.org/IMG/pdf/Pakistan464angconjointpdm.pdf, Mar. of State, Background Note: Pakistan, http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/3453.htm, Jul. 7, 2008; Amnesty Intl., National Report 2009: The State of the World’s Human Rights, p. 254, POL/10/001/2009, May 28, 2009; Human Rights Commission of Pakistan, State of Human Rights in 2009, p. 88, http://www.hrcp-web.org/pdf/Annual%20Report%202009.pdf, Feb. 2010. [52] Kamran Arif, Interview, DPW Doc. Capital punishment in modern Greece was carried out using the guillotine or by firing squad. Submissions to the HRC also indicate that torture is a serious problem and may undermine the legitimacy of convictions in Pakistan. 1, 1898. Almost 140 countries of the world have already abolished it for many reasons. Fed. [18] Jane Perlez, Asia Bibi Seeks Pardon in Blasphemy Case, The New York Times, http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/23/world/asia/23pstan.html, Nov. 22, 2010. Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Iran. There is concern that women are being sentenced to death in Pakistan in a context of gender-based violence. Intl. [2] U.S. Dept. Aiwan – I – Jamhoor, 107 – Tipu Block, Garden Town This is controversial, as many people believe that this should not be punishable as it violates the fundamental freedom of speech. [11] Dawn, Pakistan’s vote ‘inaccurately recorded’ in favour of resolution seeking moratorium on executions: FO, https://www.dawn.com/news/1452170, Dec. 18, 2018. According to figures gathered by the organization Justice Project Pakistan, using a three-step process to verify the accuracy of its execution count, there were at least 14 executions in 2018. 8, 2007 [40] Pakistan Public Defender and Legal Aid Office Ordinance, Act No. Fed. Defiling Mohammed’s name through written or spoken word, visual representation or other means is punishable by death or other punishment under the written law. [46] Human Rights Commission of Pakistan, State of Human Rights in 2009, p. 63, http://www.hrcp-web.org/pdf/Annual%20Report%202009.pdf, Feb. 2010. Fed. Retrieved September 7, 2017", "Mainly Part 6 of the constitution, Articles 175 to 204. 9, 2013. Fed. Lengthy pre-trial detention is a serious problem, with approximately 55 percent of the prison population accounted for by pre-trial detainees. [19] Mark Warren, Foreigners Under Sentence of Death Worldwide, http://users.xplornet.com/~mwarren/world.html, updated May 7, 2010. [38] Jane Perlez, Asia Bibi Seeks Pardon in Blasphemy Case, The New York Times, http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/23/world/asia/23pstan.html, Nov. 22, 2010. [3] Intl. Din [27] U.N. CRC, Concluding Observations: Pakistan, paras. Human Rights Council, Concluding Observations: Pakistan, generally, U.N. Doc. [31] Jane Perlez, Asia Bibi Seeks Pardon in Blasphemy Case, The New York Times, http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/23/world/asia/23pstan.html, Nov. 22, 2010. District Jail, Bahawaln agarh [33] Attorneys who defend individuals accused of blasphemy face death threats and physical assault. Sometimes this is for the protection of the prisoner—blasphemy convicts have been attacked by religious inmates, so officials segregate persons detained for blasphemy. 2 of 1997, sec. [8], Terrorism-Related Offenses Resulting in Death.Terrorism includes: (a) acts to “strike terror or create a sense of fear and insecurity” by use of explosives, flammable substances, firearms or lethal weapons, poisons, noxious gasses or chemicals in a manner likely to cause death or injury to persons, destruction of property or widespread disruptions in essential services or security; (b) a scheduled offense likely to create terror or disrupt sectarian harmony; (c) commit gang rape, child molestation or robbery and rape; or (d) commit an act of civil commotion. Fax: +9242-7238113 Jun. In 2012, Latvia became the last EU Member State to abolish capital punishment in wartime. ", Many Muslims believe that capital punishment is a severe sentence that may be instructed by a court for crimes of sufficient severity. [15] Reports indicate that the Federal Shari’at Court has issued jurisprudence indicating that, given Islamic law, clemency by the executive is not possible for religiously stipulated offenses—both retributive sentences for murder and non-retributive sentences such as for blasphemy. 16- 17, U.N. Doc. 194, Act No. [42] Intl. No executions occurred from 2009 to 2011, with 1 in 2012 and 0 in 2013. [25] U.N.G.A., 63rd session, Promotion and Protection of Human Rights: human rights questions, including alternative approaches for improving the effective enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms, U.N. Doc. Other Offenses Resulting in Death.A robbery through force, resulting in the death of the victim, carries the death penalty as hadd. According to the Human Rights Watch, in 2016 85 people were executed [29]. (This question was last updated on June 4, 2019. 127, Act No. 338, Act No. [44] The situation may improve for indigent defendants due to new provisions for public defenders and a high bar regarding required experience before courts. [49] Human Rights Commission of Pakistan, Current Statistics, 2008: Death Penalty, http://www.hrcp-web.org/currentstat.html, Dec. 31, 2008. The Code of Criminal Procedure 1898 provides that "he be hanged by the neck until he is dead." of State, 2009 Human Rights Report: Pakistan, Arrest Procedures and Treatment While in Detention, http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2009/sca/136092.htm, Mar. 12, 1973, translation compiled by Zartash Uzmi and Shehzaad Nakhoda, 2008. [4] Amnesty Intl., Death Sentences and Executions in 2017, p. 18, ACT 50/7955/2018, Apr. 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